Fellow Research Spotlight – Dr. Jeffrey Jacob

November 30, 2023

Meet Dr. Jeffrey Jacob, one of our Cardiovascular Disease fellows, and learn about some of the exciting research projects he’s been involved with here at NGMC! Read more below.

Dr. Jacob was born in Haiti and raised in Orlando, Florida. He stayed near Orlando to complete his undergraduate studies at the University of Central Florida (where he went to school with Michael Jordan’s son). Dr. Jacob knew that he wanted to become a physician since undergrad, being inspired by family who are medical professionals, having an aunt who passed away from heart failure and wanting to provide healthcare for patients with heart conditions, and wanting to utilize resources here in the States to impact the medical community here and abroad.

Dr. Jacob joined NGMCGME this year after completing his Internal Medicine residency at Wellstar Kennestone Hospital in Marietta, Georgia. Besides being a Chief Resident in the Internal Medicine program, Dr. Jacob has also been a key member of the GME research team! His extensive research experience has been very useful for mentoring residents through the research process, leading abstract and poster workshops, and reviewing quality improvement data. Here are just a few of the research projects he’s been involved with since starting at NGMC:

  1. Impact of Cardiogenic Shock on Patients Undergoing SAVR: Insights from the National Inpatient Sample
    • Summary – Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is associated with significant risk and potential long-term complications. Cardiogenic shock can develop following the procedure and have devasting consequences. Dr. Jacob and his colleagues’ objective was to evaluate how cardiogenic shock impacts SAVR. 
    • Outcome – Dr. Jacob was invited to present the resulting abstract at this year’s Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) conference in San Francisco, California. Dr. Jacob and the team concluded from the abstract that while SAVR can be a potentially lifesaving and effective intervention, patients presenting with cardiogenic shock may be more likely to experience complications leading to a greater likelihood of in-hospital mortality, greater length of stay and greater hospitalization costs. Careful consideration and close monitoring of patient pre-existing comorbidities and early interventions for cardiogenic shock were recommended to improve outcomes. 
  2. The Trend of Increasing Redo Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) in Elderly Male Patients: An Analytical Literature Review
    • Summary – This review deals with the incidence of redo bypass graft surgery, which has occurred over the years in male patients, as well as the causes, rates of occurrence, and possible factors that forced the need for a redo surgery in all these patients. It also explores the complications that make a redo surgery take place as the only option for saving the life of the patient. 
    • Outcome – Dr. Jacob and his colleagues submitted this review and were able to get it published in Asian Journal of Cardiology Research. They were also invited to give an oral presentation on this review at the second International Conference on Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research in Bangkok, Thailand. 
  3. The Role of Artificial Urinary Sphincter in Female Incontinence in 2023: A Literature Update
    • Summary – This in-depth analysis of the literature provides a 2023 update on the crucial function of artificial urinary sphincters (AUS) in the treatment of female incontinence. This review illustrates the tremendous advancements in AUS technology, particularly the introduction of flexible cuff pressure and occlusive cuff techniques, which have considerably improved treatment outcomes and patient satisfaction. It draws on the most recent research from the last ten years. 
    • Outcome – This was published in the Journal for International Medical Graduates.
      1. Yonas T., Jacob, J., Suraj, S., Tesfaye, L., Edi, V. et al. “The role of artificial urinary sphincter in female incontinence in 2023: A literature update.” Journal for International Medical Graduates, vol. 2, no. 2, 2023,

In his spare time, Dr. Jacob enjoys working out, being outdoors, hanging out with friends and playing competitive chess. When asked what advice he would give to aspiring physicians, he said that hard work, perseverance, humility, a willingness to learn, good mentors and remembering your “why” are part of the journey.

To learn more about our Cardiovascular Disease fellowship, visit ngmcgme.org/programs/cardiology-fellowship.